How's your FICO Score?
Since we live in an computer-driven world, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to just one number.
Credit reporting agencies use your history of paying loans to build a FICO score.
Equifax, TransUnion, and Experian, the three major credit reporting agencies, each have a proprietary formula for building your credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following factors to build a credit score:
- Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for a short time?
- Late Payments - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many credit card accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these is assigned a value and a weight. The result is one number. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is always better. Most home buyers have a score above 620.
Not just for qualifying
FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Raising your credit score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. (Of course you must remove incorrect data on your credit report.)
Know your FICO score
In order to improve your credit score, you've got to get the credit reports that the agencies use to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive to get your FICO score from all three agencies, along with your credit report. They also provide helpful information and online tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once per year from all three agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about your credit score? Give us a call at (203) 729-6681.